#380:
JUBILEE-SABBATICAL CYCLES
THE YEARS IDENTIFIED
From Old Testament Chronology


  • What is a Jubilee and what was it for?
  • What does the countdown signify prophetically?
  • Is there a specific year that can be known for the Tribulation?


by Floyd Nolen Jones


‘And the scroll of the Prophet Isaiah was handed to Him. Unrolling it, He found the place where it is written: The Spirit of the LORD is on me, because he has anointed me to proclaim good news to the poor. He has sent me to proclaim freedom for the prisoners and recovery of sight for the blind, to set the oppressed free, to proclaim the Year of the LORD’s Favor. Then He rolled up the scroll, gave it back to the attendant and sat down. The eyes of everyone in the synagogue were fastened on Him. He began by saying to them, Today this Scripture is fulfilled in your hearing.’ -Luke 4:17-21


Forward by Luis B. Vega
This study was given to assess and lookover for consistency. After review, it is a sound delineation of the possible correct counting of the Jubilee Pattern given to Israel. What is significant is that there are to be 70 Jubilees before the return of Jesus and it appears to match the dates calculated from astronomical correlations made from one’s own research. Mainly, that Jesus was 29 years old or on His 30th birthday year wherein in 28 AD, was the occasion where He read the Isaiah 61 portion of Scripture in the synagogue of Nazareth. This is assuming a birthday at September 11, -3 BC.

This was believed to be on Passion Week, or shortly before that then launched His public ministry of 3.5 or 1260 days. This would suggest then that at the age of His 33rd year, in the year 32 AD was His crucifixion, etc. Given these correlations and benchmarks of time, it would then suggest that the year 2022 is when the last Sabbatical Cycle would need to occur. It would finish off the 70th Jubilee Cycle and thus could be the probable start of the Tribulation Period to coincide with Daniel’s last 70th Week of Years. The following is the text and context received and replicated here for one’s study, review, critique and consideration.
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The zero-clock start (epoch) for the reckoning of sabbatical years and jubilees was Spring (Nisan 1), 1443 BC.  From Floyd Nolen Jones:  The year Moses died, and Joshua entered the land was long ago determined by Ussher, Bishop Lloyd, Monsignor Toinard, William Whiston and now independently confirmed by this author as BC 1451.  However, the conditions concerning the year of Jubilee did not have to do with merely being in the land but with its actual possession and cultivation (Lev.25).  As documented heretofore, the tribes divided the land in 1444 BC after seven years of war with its pagan inhabitants.  They would have planted that Fall; thus, the Jubilee and Sabbatical count would have begun the in the Spring of the following year (1443) with the harvest of the first crops (Lev.25:3, "six years thou shalt … gather in the fruit thereof"). 

This places the 15th Jubilee as commencing in the autumn of the year beginning in 709 BC and ending in the autumn of 708 (II Ki.19:29; Isa.37:30, cp. II Ki.18:32 and Isa.37:17).From Floyd:  Further, Biblical chronological studies regarding the years of Jubilee (especially note Isa.37:30) yield the result that 27 AD was a Jubilee year (again, Josephus concurs, Flavius Josephus, Josephus Complete Works, trans. by William Whiston, Grand Rapids, MI: Kregel Publications, 1960, Appendix, Dissertation V., 55, 56.)  This is manifestly confirmed by Jesus' message at the synagogue at Nazareth near the onset of His ministry when He read from Isaiah 61:1-2a. 

This portion of Scripture is an undeniable offer of Jubilee (i.e., the Kingdom; viz., "to set at liberty them that are bruised, to preach the acceptable year of the Lord", Luk.4:18-19).  Jubilee begins on the 10th day of the Jewish 7th month (Lev.25:8-12).  This computes to the Gregorian date of Monday, September 27, AD 27 according to astronomical computer calculation, six months after the first Passover of our Lord's earthly ministry (John 2:13).  The beginning of the ministry of Jesus the Christ seems to be firmly fixed by this data. The sabbatical "clock" did not begin until Nisan 1, 1443 BC.  Moses died, and Joshua crossed the Jordan in 1451 BC. 

Then 7 years of war followed, bringing us to 1444 BC as the year the tribes divided the land.  Planting that Fall would have brought them to Spring 1443 BC for the first harvest, thus the epoch of sabbatical and jubilee years began then.  The cycles were for agricultural purposes.  The first Sabbatical year began six years later 1 Nisan 1437 BC; thus, the seventh Sabbatical began 1 Nisan 1395 BC, thus the first Jubilee began 10 Tishri 1395 BC.  Thus the 30th Jubilee began 1421 years later (29x49) on 10 Tishri 27 AD.  This agrees with Floyd Nolen Jones, Bishop Lloyd, Monsignor Toinard, William Whiston, Josephus and Ussher.  Therefore, the next Jubilee (the 71st) will begin 2009 years later (41x49) on 10 Tishri AD 2036.

Here are the Sabbatical and Jubilee Years (beginning/ending).
Sabbaticals begin on 1 Nisan (Spring). 
Jubilees begin on 10 Tishri (Fall)
("-" denotes BC):


-1437/-1436   Sab # 1


-1430/-1429   Sab # 2

-1423/-1422   Sab # 3

-1416/-1415   Sab # 4

-1409/-1408   Sab # 5

-1402/-1401   Sab # 6

-1395/-1394   Sab # 7   Jub # 1

-1388/-1387   Sab # 8

-1381/-1380   Sab # 9

-1374/-1373   Sab # 10

-1367/-1366   Sab # 11

-1360/-1359   Sab # 12

-1353/-1352   Sab # 13

-1346/-1345   Sab # 14   Jub # 2

-1339/-1338   Sab # 15

-1332/-1331   Sab # 16

-1325/-1324   Sab # 17

-1318/-1317   Sab # 18

-1311/-1310   Sab # 19

-1304/-1303   Sab # 20

-1297/-1296   Sab # 21   Jub # 3

-1290/-1289   Sab # 22

-1283/-1282   Sab # 23

-1276/-1275   Sab # 24

-1269/-1268   Sab # 25

-1262/-1261   Sab # 26

-1255/-1254   Sab # 27

-1248/-1247   Sab # 28   Jub # 4

-1241/-1240   Sab # 29

-1234/-1233   Sab # 30

-1227/-1226   Sab # 31

-1220/-1219   Sab # 32

-1213/-1212   Sab # 33

-1206/-1205   Sab # 34

-1199/-1198   Sab # 35   Jub # 5

-1192/-1191   Sab # 36

-1185/-1184   Sab # 37

-1178/-1177   Sab # 38

-1171/-1170   Sab # 39

-1164/-1163   Sab # 40

-1157/-1156   Sab # 41

-1150/-1149   Sab # 42   Jub # 6

-1143/-1142   Sab # 43

-1136/-1135   Sab # 44

-1129/-1128   Sab # 45

-1122/-1121   Sab # 46

-1115/-1114   Sab # 47

-1108/-1107   Sab # 48

-1101/-1100   Sab # 49   Jub # 7

-1094/-1093   Sab # 50

-1087/-1086   Sab # 51

-1080/-1079   Sab # 52

-1073/-1072   Sab # 53

-1066/-1065   Sab # 54

-1059/-1058   Sab # 55

-1052/-1051   Sab # 56   Jub # 8

-1045/-1044   Sab # 57

-1038/-1037   Sab # 58

-1031/-1030   Sab # 59

-1024/-1023   Sab # 60

-1017/-1016   Sab # 61

-1010/-1009   Sab # 62

-1003/-1002   Sab # 63   Jub # 9

-996/-995   Sab # 64

-989/-988   Sab # 65

-982/-981   Sab # 66

-975/-974   Sab # 67

-968/-967   Sab # 68

-961/-960   Sab # 69

-954/-953   Sab # 70   Jub # 10

-947/-946   Sab # 71

-940/-939   Sab # 72

-933/-932   Sab # 73

-926/-925   Sab # 74

-919/-918   Sab # 75

-912/-911   Sab # 76

-905/-904   Sab # 77   Jub # 11

-898/-897   Sab # 78

-891/-890   Sab # 79

-884/-883   Sab # 80

-877/-876   Sab # 81

-870/-869   Sab # 82

-863/-862   Sab # 83

-856/-855   Sab # 84   Jub # 12

-849/-848   Sab # 85

-842/-841   Sab # 86

-835/-834   Sab # 87

-828/-827   Sab # 88

-821/-820   Sab # 89

-814/-813   Sab # 90

-807/-806   Sab # 91   Jub # 13

-800/-799   Sab # 92

-793/-792   Sab # 93

-786/-785   Sab # 94

-779/-778   Sab # 95

-772/-771   Sab # 96

-765/-764   Sab # 97

-758/-757   Sab # 98   Jub # 14

-751/-750   Sab # 99

-744/-743   Sab # 100

-737/-736   Sab # 101

-730/-729   Sab # 102

-723/-722   Sab # 103

-716/-715   Sab # 104

-709/-708   Sab # 105   Jub # 15

-702/-701   Sab # 106

-695/-694   Sab # 107

-688/-687   Sab # 108

-681/-680   Sab # 109

-674/-673   Sab # 110

-667/-666   Sab # 111

-660/-659   Sab # 112   Jub # 16

-653/-652   Sab # 113

-646/-645   Sab # 114

-639/-638   Sab # 115

-632/-631   Sab # 116

-625/-624   Sab # 117

-618/-617   Sab # 118

-611/-610   Sab # 119   Jub # 17

-604/-603   Sab # 120

-597/-596   Sab # 121

-590/-589   Sab # 122

-583/-582   Sab # 123

-576/-575   Sab # 124

-569/-568   Sab # 125

-562/-561   Sab # 126   Jub # 18

-555/-554   Sab # 127

-548/-547   Sab # 128

-541/-540   Sab # 129

-534/-533   Sab # 130

-527/-526   Sab # 131

-520/-519   Sab # 132

-513/-512   Sab # 133   Jub # 19

-506/-505   Sab # 134

-499/-498   Sab # 135

-492/-491   Sab # 136

-485/-484   Sab # 137

-478/-477   Sab # 138

-471/-470   Sab # 139

-464/-463   Sab # 140   Jub # 20

-457/-456   Sab # 141   Decree –Begins 490 years [70-7’s weeks of years]

-450/-449   Sab # 142

-443/-442   Sab # 143

-436/-435   Sab # 144

-429/-428   Sab # 145

-422/-421   Sab # 146

-415/-414   Sab # 147   Jub # 21

-408/-407   Sab # 148

-401/-400   Sab # 149

-394/-393   Sab # 150

-387/-386   Sab # 151

-380/-379   Sab # 152

-373/-372   Sab # 153

-366/-365   Sab # 154   Jub # 22

-359/-358   Sab # 155

-352/-351   Sab # 156

-345/-344   Sab # 157

-338/-337   Sab # 158

-331/-330   Sab # 159

-324/-323   Sab # 160

-317/-316   Sab # 161   Jub # 23

-310/-309   Sab # 162

-303/-302   Sab # 163

-296/-295   Sab # 164

-289/-288   Sab # 165

-282/-281   Sab # 166

-275/-274   Sab # 167

-268/-267   Sab # 168   Jub # 24

-261/-260   Sab # 169

-254/-253   Sab # 170

-247/-246   Sab # 171

-240/-239   Sab # 172

-233/-232   Sab # 173

-226/-225   Sab # 174

-219/-218   Sab # 175   Jub # 25

-212/-211   Sab # 176

-205/-204   Sab # 177

-198/-197   Sab # 178

-191/-190   Sab # 179

-184/-183   Sab # 180

-177/-176   Sab # 181

-170/-169   Sab # 182   Jub # 26

-163/-162   Sab # 183

-156/-155   Sab # 184

-149/-148   Sab # 185

-142/-141   Sab # 186

-135/-134   Sab # 187

-128/-127   Sab # 188

-121/-120   Sab # 189   Jub # 27

-114/-113   Sab # 190

-107/-106   Sab # 191

-100/-99   Sab # 192

-93/-92   Sab # 193

-86/-85   Sab # 194

-79/-78   Sab # 195

-72/-71   Sab # 196   Jub # 28

-65/-64   Sab # 197

-58/-57   Sab # 198

-51/-50   Sab # 199

-44/-43   Sab # 200

-37/-36   Sab # 201

-30/-29   Sab # 202

-23/-22   Sab # 203   Jub # 29

-16/-15   Sab # 204

-9/-8   Sab # 205

-2/-1   Sab # 206

6/7   Sab # 207

13/14   Sab # 208

20/21   Sab # 209

27/28   Sab # 210   Jub # 30 Christ reads scroll Isa.61: 1-2a [69-7’s]

34/35   Sab # 211

41/42   Sab # 212

48/49   Sab # 213

55/56   Sab # 214

62/63   Sab # 215

69/70   Sab # 216

76/77   Sab # 217   Jub # 31

83/84   Sab # 218

90/91   Sab # 219

97/98   Sab # 220

104/105   Sab # 221

111/112   Sab # 222

118/119   Sab # 223

125/126   Sab # 224   Jub # 32

132/133   Sab # 225

139/140   Sab # 226

146/147   Sab # 227

153/154   Sab # 228

160/161   Sab # 229

167/168   Sab # 230

174/175   Sab # 231   Jub # 33

181/182   Sab # 232

188/189   Sab # 233

195/196   Sab # 234

202/203   Sab # 235

209/210   Sab # 236

216/217   Sab # 237

223/224   Sab # 238   Jub # 34

230/231   Sab # 239

237/238   Sab # 240

244/245   Sab # 241

251/252   Sab # 242

258/259   Sab # 243

265/266   Sab # 244

272/273   Sab # 245   Jub # 35

279/280   Sab # 246

286/287   Sab # 247

293/294   Sab # 248

300/301   Sab # 249

307/308   Sab # 250

314/315   Sab # 251

321/322   Sab # 252   Jub # 36

328/329   Sab # 253

335/336   Sab # 254

342/343   Sab # 255

349/350   Sab # 256

356/357   Sab # 257

363/364   Sab # 258

370/371   Sab # 259   Jub # 37

377/378   Sab # 260

384/385   Sab # 261

391/392   Sab # 262

398/399   Sab # 263

405/406   Sab # 264

412/413   Sab # 265

419/420   Sab # 266   Jub # 38

426/427   Sab # 267

433/434   Sab # 268

440/441   Sab # 269

447/448   Sab # 270

454/455   Sab # 271

461/462   Sab # 272

468/469   Sab # 273   Jub # 39

475/476   Sab # 274

482/483   Sab # 275

489/490   Sab # 276

496/497   Sab # 277

503/504   Sab # 278

510/511   Sab # 279

517/518   Sab # 280   Jub # 40

524/525   Sab # 281

531/532   Sab # 282

538/539   Sab # 283

545/546   Sab # 284

552/553   Sab # 285

559/560   Sab # 286

566/567   Sab # 287   Jub # 41

573/574   Sab # 288

580/581   Sab # 289

587/588   Sab # 290

594/595   Sab # 291

601/602   Sab # 292

608/609   Sab # 293

615/616   Sab # 294   Jub # 42

622/623   Sab # 295

629/630   Sab # 296

636/637   Sab # 297

643/644   Sab # 298

650/651   Sab # 299

657/658   Sab # 300

664/665   Sab # 301   Jub # 43

671/672   Sab # 302

678/679   Sab # 303

685/686   Sab # 304

692/693   Sab # 305

699/700   Sab # 306

706/707   Sab # 307

713/714   Sab # 308   Jub # 44

720/721   Sab # 309

727/728   Sab # 310

734/735   Sab # 311

741/742   Sab # 312

748/749   Sab # 313

755/756   Sab # 314

762/763   Sab # 315   Jub # 45

769/770   Sab # 316

776/777   Sab # 317

783/784   Sab # 318

790/791   Sab # 319

797/798   Sab # 320

804/805   Sab # 321

811/812   Sab # 322   Jub # 46

818/819   Sab # 323

825/826   Sab # 324

832/833   Sab # 325

839/840   Sab # 326

846/847   Sab # 327

853/854   Sab # 328

860/861   Sab # 329   Jub # 47

867/868   Sab # 330

874/875   Sab # 331

881/882   Sab # 332

888/889   Sab # 333

895/896   Sab # 334

902/903   Sab # 335

909/910   Sab # 336   Jub # 48

916/917   Sab # 337

923/924   Sab # 338

930/931   Sab # 339

937/938   Sab # 340

944/945   Sab # 341

951/952   Sab # 342

958/959   Sab # 343   Jub # 49

965/966   Sab # 344

972/973   Sab # 345

979/980   Sab # 346

986/987   Sab # 347

993/994   Sab # 348

1000/1001   Sab # 349

1007/1008   Sab # 350   Jub # 50

1014/1015   Sab # 351

1021/1022   Sab # 352

1028/1029   Sab # 353

1035/1036   Sab # 354

1042/1043   Sab # 355

1049/1050   Sab # 356

1056/1057   Sab # 357   Jub # 51

1063/1064   Sab # 358

1070/1071   Sab # 359

1077/1078   Sab # 360

1084/1085   Sab # 361

1091/1092   Sab # 362

1098/1099   Sab # 363

1105/1106   Sab # 364   Jub # 52

1112/1113   Sab # 365

1119/1120   Sab # 366

1126/1127   Sab # 367

1133/1134   Sab # 368

1140/1141   Sab # 369

1147/1148   Sab # 370

1154/1155   Sab # 371   Jub # 53

1161/1162   Sab # 372

1168/1169   Sab # 373

1175/1176   Sab # 374

1182/1183   Sab # 375

1189/1190   Sab # 376

1196/1197   Sab # 377

1203/1204   Sab # 378   Jub # 54

1210/1211   Sab # 379

1217/1218   Sab # 380

1224/1225   Sab # 381

1231/1232   Sab # 382

1238/1239   Sab # 383

1245/1246   Sab # 384

1252/1253   Sab # 385   Jub # 55

1259/1260   Sab # 386

1266/1267   Sab # 387

1273/1274   Sab # 388

1280/1281   Sab # 389

1287/1288   Sab # 390

1294/1295   Sab # 391

1301/1302   Sab # 392   Jub # 56

1308/1309   Sab # 393

1315/1316   Sab # 394

1322/1323   Sab # 395

1329/1330   Sab # 396

1336/1337   Sab # 397

1343/1344   Sab # 398

1350/1351   Sab # 399   Jub # 57

1357/1358   Sab # 400

1364/1365   Sab # 401

1371/1372   Sab # 402

1378/1379   Sab # 403

1385/1386   Sab # 404

1392/1393   Sab # 405

1399/1400   Sab # 406   Jub # 58

1406/1407   Sab # 407

1413/1414   Sab # 408

1420/1421   Sab # 409

1427/1428   Sab # 410

1434/1435   Sab # 411

1441/1442   Sab # 412

1448/1449   Sab # 413   Jub # 59

1455/1456   Sab # 414

1462/1463   Sab # 415

1469/1470   Sab # 416

1476/1477   Sab # 417

1483/1484   Sab # 418

1490/1491   Sab # 419

1497/1498   Sab # 420   Jub # 60

1504/1505   Sab # 421

1511/1512   Sab # 422

1518/1519   Sab # 423

1525/1526   Sab # 424

1532/1533   Sab # 425

1539/1540   Sab # 426

1546/1547   Sab # 427   Jub # 61

1553/1554   Sab # 428

1560/1561   Sab # 429

1567/1568   Sab # 430

1574/1575   Sab # 431

1581/1582   Sab # 432

1588/1589   Sab # 433

1595/1596   Sab # 434   Jub # 62

1602/1603   Sab # 435

1609/1610   Sab # 436

1616/1617   Sab # 437

1623/1624   Sab # 438

1630/1631   Sab # 439

1637/1638   Sab # 440

1644/1645   Sab # 441   Jub # 63

1651/1652   Sab # 442

1658/1659   Sab # 443

1665/1666   Sab # 444

1672/1673   Sab # 445

1679/1680   Sab # 446

1686/1687   Sab # 447

1693/1694   Sab # 448   Jub # 64

1700/1701   Sab # 449

1707/1708   Sab # 450

1714/1715   Sab # 451

1721/1722   Sab # 452

1728/1729   Sab # 453

1735/1736   Sab # 454

1742/1743   Sab # 455   Jub # 65

1749/1750   Sab # 456

1756/1757   Sab # 457

1763/1764   Sab # 458

1770/1771   Sab # 459

1777/1778   Sab # 460

1784/1785   Sab # 461

1791/1792   Sab # 462   Jub # 66

1798/1799   Sab # 463

1805/1806   Sab # 464

1812/1813   Sab # 465

1819/1820   Sab # 466

1826/1827   Sab # 467

1833/1834   Sab # 468

1840/1841   Sab # 469   Jub # 67

1847/1848   Sab # 470

1854/1855   Sab # 471

1861/1862   Sab # 472

1868/1869   Sab # 473

1875/1876   Sab # 474

1882/1883   Sab # 475

1889/1890   Sab # 476   Jub # 68

1896/1897   Sab # 477

1903/1904   Sab # 478

1910/1911   Sab # 479

1917/1918   Sab # 480

1924/1925   Sab # 481

1931/1932   Sab # 482

1938/1939   Sab # 483   Jub # 69

1945/1946   Sab # 484

1952/1953   Sab # 485

1959/1960   Sab # 486

1966/1967   Sab # 487

1973/1974   Sab # 488

1980/1981   Sab # 489

1987/1988   Sab # 490   Jub # 70

1994/1995   Sab # 491

2001/2002   Sab # 492

2008/2009   Sab # 493

2015/2016   Sab # 494

2022/2023   Sab # 495 [Isa. scroll] Isa.61: 2b [Daniel’s 70- 7’s Begin]?

2029/2030   Sab # 496

2036/2037   Sab # 497   Jub # 71

2043/2044   Sab # 498

2050/2051   Sab # 499

2057/2058   Sab # 500

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Proving Daniel's 70 Weeks Are Sabbath Year Cycles

Day of the Lord is at the End of 70th Week
I explain this all, so we can better discern when the Bible mentions a special “year” if it is referring to a Sabbath or Jubilee year. Once you can do that, it is very easy to demonstrate that the 70th Week of Daniel is not just any group of seven contiguous years in time, but specifically aligned on the Sabbath year cycle (and with nothing to do with the Jubilee) and therefore ending in a Sabbath year. We can demonstrate this from both internal and external evidence.

The prophecies about the Day of the Lord, the day when Jesus returns to judge, avenge the righteous (Rev 6:10) and reign, provide confirmation. This day is established by the Bible as coming on Yom Kippur, nine days after (Trumpets), which itself comes right when the GT has ended. Jesus said plainly that the GT was the second half of the 70th Week of Daniel, starting with the AoD (Mt 24:15, 21, 29). Several verses attest that his Second Coming on Yom Kippur not only occurs on a special day, but also in a special year.

Day of the Lord in 70th Week is a Special Day and Year

Isaiah 61:1–2  The Spirit of the Lord GOD is upon me; because the LORD hath anointed me to preach good tidings unto the meek; he hath sent me to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and the opening of the prison to them that are bound;

2. To proclaim the acceptable year of the LORD, and the day of vengeance of our God; to comfort all that mourn;

Isaiah 63:3–4 I have trodden the winepress alone; and of the people there was none with me: for I will tread them in mine anger, and trample them in my fury; and their blood shall be sprinkled upon my garments, and I will stain all my raiment.

4. For the day of vengeance is in mine heart, and the year of my redeemed is come.

Isaiah 34:8 For it is the day of the LORD'S vengeance, and the year of recompences for the controversy of Zion.

This year that God's day of vengeance comes in, is described by Isaiah three times as a year of God's favor, recompense and redemption. Both the Sabbath and Jubilee were years that God's favor allowed the people to subsist on the plantings of the previous years. The word “redemption” might tip you in the direction of Jubilee since it was a year when alienated lands were returned to their original owners, something that did not happen on the Sabbath year.

Nevertheless, slaves had their redemption in the Sabbath year as well.

However, if the last year, or 7th year of the 70th week is called a year of favor, then it suggests that it is a Sabbath year rather than a Jubilee year. The Jubilee is never a 7th year, but a 50th or as far as Sabbath year cycles go, an 8th or 1st (depending on how you look at it). This idea would be confirmed if we could see that final, 7th year of the other 69 weeks were also considered special years, even Sabbath years specifically.

The 69th Week Also Ends in a Special Year

It turns out that Jesus quoted Isaiah 61:1-2 at the start of his ministry. He called attention to it as a dual prophecy which was partially fulfilled in his First Coming and would be later completely fulfilled in his Second Coming. Significantly, Daniel said Jesus' First Coming would occur exactly after a full 69 x 7 years or at the end of 69th weeks (7 + 62 weeks), with him dying after that 69th week passed.

Daniel 9:25-26 Know therefore and understand, that from the going forth of the commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem unto the Messiah the Prince shall be seven weeks, and threescore and two weeks: the street shall be built again, and the wall, even in troublous times.

26. And after threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself: and the people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary; and the end thereof shall be with a flood, and unto the end of the war desolations are determined.

I believe this coming of “Messiah” was reckoned not from his birth or from his “triumphal entry”, but by the year he officially began his ministry as Messiah. This clearly happened after his 30th birthday and his baptism by John and began preaching in full power of the Holy Spirit. His first public announcement after his baptism and fasting came soon after at the synagogue in Nazareth as Luke records:

Luke 4:16-21 And he came to Nazareth, where he had been brought up: and, as his custom was, he went into the synagogue on the sabbath day, and stood up for to read.

17. And there was delivered unto him the book of the prophet Esaias. And when he had opened the book, he found the place where it was written,

18. The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because he hath anointed me to preach the gospel to the poor; he hath sent me to heal the brokenhearted, to preach deliverance to the captives, and recovering of sight to the blind, to set at liberty them that are bruised,

19. To preach the acceptable year of the Lord.

20. And he closed the book, and he gave it again to the minister, and sat down. And the eyes of all them that were in the synagogue were fastened on him.

21. And he began to say unto them, This day is this scripture fulfilled in your ears.

Notice how Jesus read this passage at the start of his ministry with the claim that, “today this scripture is fulfilled in your hearing.” For this statement to be true, the year that he read it in also had to be a special year of God's favor, or Sabbath or Jubilee year. Otherwise the “year of favor” would not have been fulfilled. Notice also how he stopped reading from Isaiah 61 right before the part about “the day of vengeance of our God”.

He could not announce that it was a “day of vengeance” as he had announced regarding the “year of favor”. This day of vengeance would only be fulfilled when he returned on the Day of the Lord to fight the Battle in another “year of favor” or Sabbath year. If he had read that section of the verse, he would have invalidated his claim that what he had just read had been fulfilled in their hearing that day. Jesus' quotation of Isaiah 61 is incredibly significant and helpful. It tells us that both the last year of the 69th Week which he claimed to have partially fulfilled and the last year of 70th Week, which he clearly will come again to fulfill “fully”, are both a “year of favor”. This makes it even more likely that both were Sabbath years, as 7th years can be, and less likely that both 7th years are somehow 50th or Jubilee years.

Identifying the Historic Sabbath and Jubilee Year Cycles

Because Jubilee years happen only once or twice a lifetime, we should be able to check history and see if Jesus' ministry began anywhere near one. I put it this way because scholars do not agree on when Jesus was born, crucified, or when his ministry commenced. Nevertheless, there are limits to reasonable theories. They all put his ministry as beginning within a few years of 27/28 AD. However, these are all close enough together that the historical Jubilee can be known with accuracy and falls the year after 27/28 AD as the 30th Jubilee since the beginning of the reckoning [also the year for the 69th Week!].

Identifying the historic Sabbath and Jubilee year cycles is not as hard as it at first sounds. As we covered above, every Sabbath year must be a multiple of seven years from any other, just as every Jubilee year must be a multiple of 49 years from others. So, if you have evidence for enough such years across history, you can easily conclude the correct cycle. Establishing enough historic Sabbath or Jubilee years to do this requires a detailed painstaking study into ancient history, which is not my specialty, but it was for Floyd Nolan Jones.

When something is not my specialty, I always go to the experts and let them present their cases [as shown in the first portion of this paper]. Of course, my investigation was greatly simplified by the knowledge that the scriptural Jubilee cycle is the 50th year and the 1st of the next 7-year cycle. Fortunately, much of the research out there is based on a 49 years cycle, following the traditional majority view of the Talmud so this saves us a lot of time.

Destruction of Temple in 69/70 AD – Sabbath Year

The best 49-year Jubilee cycle based research I have found is noted previously. Among many other proof years examined, they both conclude that the year of the destruction of the Second Temple in 69/70 AD was indeed a Sabbath year. They also both date the Feast of Sukkot of Nehemiah 8 as 457/456 BC. Note that because biblical years start in the spring, they always span two Gregorian years

which are listed together with a slash (/). This year is often selected because Nehemiah 8 records that the Torah was read aloud during that Feast of Sukkot, something that the Torah prescribed to be done every 7th time—in the Sabbath year.

Although the Jubilee cycle occurs on the fiftieth year, this 50th year happens to be a Jubilee year near 27/28 AD [the 30th since the start], ruling a Jubilee year for what Isaiah 61:1-2's “year of favor” is referring to.

27/28 AD Also Historic Sabbath Year

Our case is even stronger because we know the year that Jesus began his ministry. Jesus read from Isaiah in Nazareth in early summer just after Pentecost in the beginning of his ministry, which commenced soon after he turned 30 (Luke 3:23). Thanks to the astronomical evidence for what the Star of Bethlehem was and when it appeared52 we can be certain that Jesus was born on September 11th, 3 BC which appears to be the Feast of Trumpets. This would make him turn 30 in Fall, 27 AD, and “about 30 years old” in early 28 AD.

If Jesus was baptized, fasted for 40 days, and made it to Nazareth within six months of his birthday, then his announcement of a special “year of favor” would have been during the biblical year of 27/28 AD. If this is correct then 27/28 would be a Sabbath year. Does history bear this out?

According to the research presented above, if 457/456 BC was a Sabbath year, then 27/28 AD, some 69 Sabbath year cycles later, would indeed be a Sabbath year (-456 + 7 x 69 + 1 for no year zero). If Jesus proclaimed a Sabbath year to fulfill Isaiah 61 at the end of the 69th Week, then we can reasonably expect him to fulfill that prophecy fully in another Sabbath year at the end of the 70th Week.

First Week, Correct Decree to Nehemiah

By the way, this also implies that the Sabbath year of 457/456 BC was the year of the correct decree of Daniel 9:25, which began the 70 Weeks count. This would be the word of Artaxerxes I the King to Nehemiah (in Nehemiah 2:5-8) to both specifically return and rebuild Jerusalem (something that the other popularly considered first two decrees do not specifically mention, as Daniel 9:25 requires. The city was still in ruins when Ezra and Nehemiah arrived, 100 years after the first return).

The Next Sabbath Year Is...

So, when is the next Sabbath year for our times? You can find out by repeatedly adding seven to any other confirmed Sabbath year. If you go from 69/70 AD, you will add seven 277 times before you arrive at the first future Sabbath year. That next Sabbath year which has a chance of fulfilling prophecy will be 2022/2023. If the 42-month Great Tribulation does not end with that Jubilee cycle, then the earliest it can begin after that will be 2029/2030 [some 2,000 years after the crucifixion].

Or Maybe Not? (My counts do not agree with Hillel)

Consider this then the following scenario as the next possible case for Daniel's 70th Week:

Jesus must return in a Sabbatical year [
2022 to 2029] or 2029 to 2036
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Main Sources 
Floyd Nolen Jones


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